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铅酸电池业如何“绿”起来?
addtime:2012-4-8 0:07:09        URL:EPOWER
According to information provided by relevant departments and our understanding of the situation in the research, 70 percent of the country's 12 provinces, municipalities and more than 1,100 lead-acid battery business, is to suspend production for rectification. Zhejiang, Guangdong, Henan is an important producer of lead-acid batteries are the province enterprises to suspend production for rectification. CCTV network of electric vehicles Channel Director Wang told reporters, Zhejiang Province, is the national lead-acid battery manufacturers is most concentrated in the provinces, the province's battery production accounted for 12% to 13%, accounted for only Changxing's electric vehicle battery half of the market share in the lead-acid battery industry, an unprecedented large-scale rectification, 273 lead-acid battery enterprises in Zhejiang, has 213 shut down, the 61 lead-acid battery enterprises in Changxing
Lead-acid battery industry is how to "green up"?

Recently, blood lead poisoning cases frequently, which caused the pollution caused by the state lead-acid battery industry attaches great importance to make a determined effort regulation: the end of March, nine departments of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and other joint meetings, the remediation of lead-acid battery business As the primary task of the 2012 environmental protection special action.

"According to the information provided by the relevant departments and our understanding of the situation in the research, the country's 12 provinces, municipalities and more than 1,100 lead-acid battery business, 70% in the suspend production for rectification. Zhejiang, Guangdong, Henan, several lead-acid The battery is an important producer of related enterprises in the province suspend production for rectification. "channel, director of the CCTV network of electric vehicles Wang told reporters, Zhejiang Province, is the national lead-acid battery manufacturers is most concentrated in the provinces, the province's battery production accounted for the National 12% to 13%, Changxing's electric vehicle battery alone accounted for half of the national market share. In the lead-acid battery industry, an unprecedented large-scale rectification of 273 lead-acid battery enterprises in Zhejiang, has 213 been shut down, Changxing 61 lead-acid battery business, now mostly in the rectifying state.

Lead-acid batteries: Why become a target of public criticism

Lead-acid battery industry involves production, processing, use, recycling and other sectors, through continuous improvement, lead-acid battery during use does not produce lead pollution, the main problem lies in the production and recycling chain. "National Solar PV product quality examination center battery detection Ministry official said.

Data show that China's lead-acid battery manufacturers about 2000, but the output value of more than 5 million yuan scale enterprises only about 200, the rest of the 1800 small and medium-sized enterprises, and some no production license, and some license also difficult to achieve cleaner production standards. Insiders told reporters, some small and medium businesses to spend ten to twenty million casually built the plant, not only within the plant, lead dust, lead, smoke every now and then, workers and factory owners, including General protection do not do more to talk about not on the purchase of environmentally friendly equipment. In the lead-acid battery production process, the process of coated board and battery cleaning process will have a heavy metal wastewater containing lead; grid casting, alloy preparation, lead parts, and lead powder manufacturing process, will inevitably produce a variety of leaded soot.

It is understood that the downstream industries of the lead-acid battery is the secondary lead industry, the industrial pollution is quite serious. The major pollutants in the used lead-acid battery recycling process of lead vapor emissions in the smelting process, lead dust, waste water and smelting waste. For historical reasons, the lead-acid battery industry is still a large number of small and medium enterprises as the main, makes the traditional small reverberatory furnace, cupola a great market, and even the original soil furnace melting method of earthenware jars are still applications. Most companies do not take the soot handling, emissions of lead vapors and lead dust exceeding the national standard in the smelting process several times or even ten times.

"Recently, lead and heavy metal poisoning gradually increased, so that the relevant departments begun to pay attention since the lead-acid battery manufacturers in the business process impact on the environment." Star of securities analysts that, is the production and recovery aspects of the pollution makes the country determined to vigorously remediation of lead-acid battery industry. The State Council has also formally approved the comprehensive prevention and control of heavy metal pollution in the "12th Five-Year Plan", lists the 14 heavy metal pollution in Inner Mongolia, Jiangsu Province, comprehensive prevention and control key provinces, 138 special focus on the regional and the 4452 focus on prevention and control of enterprises, while delimitation of 141 lead-acid battery enterprises, pollution emissions and environmental conditions, seven key areas to carry out the comprehensive prevention and control of the lead-acid batteries.

According to the Secretary-General of the Battery Industry Association of Zhejiang Province Yao spring introduction of lead-acid battery production and low profit margins, profit from the large-scale production, many small businesses in pursuit of profit, low-input, light and environmental protection. This "shock" type consolidation, the number of lead-acid battery manufacturers have brought a serious impact on production dropped significantly, and even all the cut.

Expected results: The regulation will bring industrial upgrading

Environmental rectify storm blowing in the lead-acid battery industry, less than a 8 earthquake in the industry.

Tianjin Bicycle Association Gong Xiaoyan pay close attention to the matter revealed that recently, the association to a survey conducted by the nation's major electric vehicle battery production enterprises, Zhejiang Province, is the introduction of check methods, one by one acceptance, in principle, eliminate a number of upgrading a number of relocation of a number of Jiangsu battery more than 100 enterprises stopped more than 40, the province requires active rectification, and then review the main production base have taken control measures, some non-standard environmental protection measures the compliance of the enterprises will be eliminated.

"The recent actions of governance is a concentrated expression of a series of national policy, suspend production for rectification will accelerate the industry consolidation, the larger good, the management practices of leading companies." Xiangcai Securities analysts believe. Gong Xiaoyan believes that a new round of reshuffle for some large enterprises, the regulation of this industry, not only for them to stay out of the market space, and product innovation opportunities, such as days can, AMD, prosperity, and Zhen-Long need to be able to Chaojie, etc., have taken measures to increase the environmental protection investment, and increase the technology level and product innovation efforts.

From the current development trend, this year there will be supply of lead-acid batteries. The long run, the entire lead-acid industry has matured, as long as the backbone of corporate environmental production rectification smooth, not much of a problem from the industry as a whole , the future market share is more concentrated in large and medium-sized enterprises, lack of scale and bargaining power of small enterprises will be eliminated. "Suzhou Constant Star Power Co., Ltd. Marketing Manager relaxation that this rectification will increase the outstanding enterprises in the market concentration, while those scattered and poor small businesses will be eliminated.

Wang believes that the industry consolidation will change the number of lead-acid battery enterprises in China, do not focus on the features to learn the advanced mode of production of the developed countries in Europe and the United States, gradually concentrated towards the development of the trend of mergers and reorganizations. "Although some of the adverse effects of rectification to the enterprise, but the entire lead-acid battery industry for the government to establish a new industry benchmark for environmental remediation, to achieve the survival of the fittest, and the development of measures to promote industry standardization is recognized."

Industry dispute: one size fits all remediation is scientific

This spectacular improvement from the beginning, the voice of the controversy has not disappeared.

Insiders questioned, in the whole industry can not afford to come up with the huge investment in environmental protection, remediation whether forcing enterprises to environmental protection investment, whether it takes a long time to digest the run? It is understood that the lead-acid battery factory to produce 10 000 kVA environmental operating costs of the battery takes about 3 to 6 million, five to six million yuan and its sales revenue, low profit margins, most businesses net profit of only 3%, the maximum will not exceed 5%.

Pollution in an industrial chain should not let one part of it to pay tens of millions of dollars of output value, and then come up with an investment of tens of millions of dollars, but also thousands of yuan per year maintenance costs, only large-scale enterprises can afford the huge investment in environmental protection. "Tianneng Group Director Tianren believe that the current lead-acid battery is still not immediately nascent lithium battery alternative, we should give more consideration to how the planning, development, across the board or blindly deny not solve the problem."

Cao Guoqing, deputy secretary general of the China Battery Industry Association, believes that environmental protection is a prerequisite for most of the enterprises understand the importance of environmental protection. Part of the internal production process and the end of treatment are in line with environmental requirements, simply because the health protection zone is less than 500 meters, the requirement to shut down or even relocation, whether unscientific? He suggested that China's lead-acid battery access system should be established as soon as possible, the implementation of a comprehensive remediation, also released the list of enterprises, environmental status, the name of the authentication unit, and accept supervision.

Suzhou University, Professor Jin-Liang Wang, respect, and reiterated in the remediation notice 500 m of health protection zone, enacted in 1989 should consider amending. When many companies beginning of construction and more in the suburbs, and urban development, residential area surrounded by industrial areas, resulting in shortening the distance was forced to stop these comprehensive factors should be taken into account.

"From a macro point of view, the social concerns lead emissions pollution problems should be a balanced view, not only to stay directly involved in the lead industry, such as lead and zinc industry, batteries renewable industries, battery manufacturing industry, but should include all forms of lead emissions. Ni Jie, chairman of the Green Resources Investment Holding Group said.